V. The Reawakening 1950 to 1980 F. 1970 to Present: Close the Institutions
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"Washing one's hands of the conflict between the powerful
and the powerless means to side with the powerful."

– Paolo Freire

Dissatisfaction with institutions grew as the exposés of the 1960s made it clear that the institutions were failing to meet even the most basic needs of the people they were intended to serve. The exposés of the 1960s were capped in 1972 when ABC News reporter Geraldo Rivera visited the Willowbrook State School on Staten Island in New York, the same facility visited by Robert Kennedy in 1965. The program, Willowbrook: The Last Great Disgrace, was seen by millions of viewers. A former doctor at the institution reported that conditions had only become worse since the 1960s.

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The Last Disgrace
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