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1975

 

The Education for All Handicapped Children Act mandated that educational systems provide "a free appropriate public education" in the "least restrictive setting" for all eligible children with disabilities. The Act required that an individualized education program (IEP) be developed, annual goals and short-term objectives identified, and specific special education and related services described.

Part B of the Act was expanded to provide federal financial assistance to states and local education agencies so they could meet their obligations.

Since 1986, the Act has included a formula grant program (Part H) to assist states to develop a statewide network of early intervention services for infants and toddlers with disabilities. Part C awards grants or cooperative agreements to strengthen and coordinate education, training, and related services for youth with disabilities to assist in the transition process to post-secondary education, vocational training, competitive employment, continuing education, independent and community living or adult services. In 1990, this legislation was retitled the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).

 
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