The Mental Retardation Amendments of 1967 expanded the 1963 Act by authorizing funds to help with the costs of starting services in community mental retardation facilities. The Bureau of Education for the Handicapped was established within the United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Parents continued to advocate for legislative changes, particularly during the 1970s. Following are some legislative milestones in the history of the disabilities movement:
The Developmental Disabilities Services and Facilities Construction Amendments of 1970 were passed. This legislation gave states broad responsibility for planning and implementing comprehensive services for people with severe disabilities, and authorized the creation of a Developmental Disabilities Council in each state to plan and coordinate activities.
Amendments to Title XIX of the Social Security Act authorized Medicaid reimbursements for intermediate care facility (ICF) services. Services were defined as those services designed to meet the needs of individuals "...who do not require the degree of care and treatment which a hospital or skilled nursing facility is designed to provide, but who because of their mental or physical condition require care and services (above the level of room and board) which can be made available to them only through institutional facilities...." These amendments also authorized public institutions to be certified as intermediate care facilities under certain conditions, thus making services provided in a public institution mediate care facilities under certain conditions, thus making services provided in a public institution eligible for Medicaid reimbursement.