Parallels In Time V. The Reawakening 1950 - 1980 C. The Quiet Revolution
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Persons with disabilities as objects of pity: Seen as suffering from some condition beyond their control, and therefore not considered accountable for their behavior; viewed with a "there but for the grace of God go I" attitude; paternalism and low growth expectations are typical consequences of this viewpoint.

Persons with disabilities as burdens of charity: Viewed as clients entitled to food and shelter and little else; the disability is often viewed as punishment for some sin, and any help rendered is more from contempt than sympathy; persons with disabilities receiving this "cold charity" viewed as draining public resources, and expected to show proper appreciation.

Persons with disabilities as holy innocents: Belief that individuals are special children of God, with a special purpose; seen as incapable of committing evil, and sometimes viewed as living saints; often viewed as "eternal children" who will never grow up


While people continue to debate the precise meaning of normalization, the concept's effect on how we view institutions has been significant.

With the acceptance that persons with disabilities could and should live in the community with their own families and as independent adults, the pressure for more and better community services grew in intensity.