Parallels In Time V. The Reawakening 1950 - 1980 C. The Quiet Revolution
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While the Kennedy administration brought attention to the "problem" of mental retardation, the Johnson administration actually accomplished broad changes for persons with disabilities. President Johnson's civil rights agenda and War on Poverty also affected people with disabilities. The War on Poverty, initiated through the Equal Opportunity Act of 1964, launched such programs as Head Start, the Neighborhood Youth Corporation, and Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA). These programs also indirectly assisted persons with disabilities and their families.

President Johnson also created the President's Committee on Mental Retardation, which continues to assure that the national government does not overlook the problems of public policy and private initiative.


In October 1967, the National Association for Retarded Citizens (NARC) sponsored a National Youth Conference on Mental Retardation in Portland, Oregon; another national conference was held in October 1968 in Detroit, Michigan. Following the second conference, a new national organization, Youth-NARC, was created. The purpose of Youth-NARC was "to serve as a friend of mentally retarded persons ... to help the retarded learn to live in, work in, and attempt to better his world."

A National Plan to Combat Mental Retardation