Parallels In Time V. The Reawakening 1950 - 1980 B. Improve the Institutions
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"Euthanasia through neglect..."
– Albert Deutsch

The American Association on Mental Deficiency adopted mid-century objectives, including adequate and suitable facilities, care and training, community placement, and special classes for children and adults with mental deficiencies. The National Association of Parents and Friends of the Mentally Retarded, later to become "The Arc", was founded "to promote the welfare of the mentally retarded of all ages everywhere: at home, in the community, in institutions, and in public, private, and religious schools."

Doctors continued to urge parents to place their children in institutions regardless of the conditions. Between 1946 and 1967, the number of persons with disabilities in public institutions increased from 116,828 to 193,188, a rate increase nearly twice that of the general population. Institutions began admitting younger children with more severe disabilities. During the post-war boom in America, having a "handicapped" child was seen as a burden to the family. More and more children were institutionalized, and not just children from poor families. This practice is what Albert Deutsch referred to as "euthanasia through neglect."