Photo Album 2
The Council continues to work with the Minnesota Historical Society to identify historical images that can be posted online.
This is the second in a series of photo albums that has been created to illustrate progress in attitudes and media coverage over time. Photo Album 2 contains 60 photos with captions that are presented by decade from the 1900s to the 1990s.
Please note that captions were changed occasionally to use more up-to-date terminology. The Council thanks Jo Erbes for her diligent work in finding all of the images contained in this Photo Album 2; Stephanie Boucher for organizing the Photo Album and making the wording come alive; and to Brian Anderson for creating the online website feature.
(July 19, 2019)
The Minnesota Historical Society (MHS) has graciously granted us (the Council) permission to display its images online for this project. The MHS retains all rights to images duplicated from the MHS collections. When known, the Council will provide photo credit to the creator of the original work or the current copyright owner. Photographs may have been cropped to suit design and layout.
Gillette State Hospital for Crippled Children
Gillette Hospital was established as the State Hospital for Indigent, Crippled, and Deformed Children, due to the efforts of its founder, Dr. Arthur Gillette, to entrust the state with the care of children with orthopedic disorders whose parents could not afford treatment. For more information, see the Minnesota Historical Society article on the Gillette State Hospital for Crippled Children.
All of these photographs were taken in 1905 at the Gillette State Hospital in St. Paul.
The Michael Dowling School for Crippled Children
Michael J. Dowling, a Minnesota politician, newspaper publisher, businessman, and spokesperson for people with physical disabilities lost both legs, most of one arm, and the fingers on the other to frostbite when he was 14. He founded the Michael Dowling School for Crippled Children in 1920 to provide an elementary school for children with physical disabilities. Housed first in a North Minneapolis church building, the school moved to its own facility in 1924. Read more at the Historical Note by the MHS.
On August 9, 1969, Debbi got off a bus near her home and walked toward her parish church to make a confession. A motorcycle struck her as she crossed the street. The rescuers first on the scene could not detect a heartbeat and pronounced her dead. But her mother said, "You just keep breathing in her mouth." They did, and Debbi began to breathe again on her own. But for two months she was in a deep coma, and it took another six weeks for her to revive completely.
The accident left her with a brain injury and paralysis of her right side. She had developed cerebral palsy. She lost control of her head and much of her body, as well as most of her speech. In this photo, Debbi walked between exercise bars with the help of Jane Resnick, a physical therapist at the Sister Kenny Institute.
"I passed my driver's test the first time I took it," she recalled. "I know a lady who took it five times before she passed it, and the company sold her insurance right away."
Hastings Office of the MN Department of Economic Security Participates in Awareness Day
The Hastings Office of the Minnesota Department of Economic Security participated in a local Awareness Day, November 10, 1977. The purpose of the Awareness Day was to make the community aware of the need for the removal of architectural and attitudinal barriers [toward customers and employees with disabilities]. Hastings Office Manager Dick Lindeke spent the day in a wheelchair. With assistance from Al Price, Neighborhood Worker, they attempted to utilize various community services throughout the day.
A question and answer session was held in the afternoon, which was open to the public. A panel of several articulate guest speakers was available to answer questions concerning architectural and attitudinal barriers that confront people with disabilities every day.
As shown in the photographs, architectural barriers existed in most Economic Security offices. One of the main goals of the organization was to remove these barriers statewide.
Jessie, age 2 ½, isn't so analytical. One look from her dad brings an insuppressible, coy grin to her face – a grin that says their partnership is all it will take.
With a mouth full of cookies, Jessie looks like any kid her age. And in some ways, she is. She disappears from the room, laughs, whimpers, and says "no" a lot.
But there are important differences. She walks with a heavy, dragged-out motion, hunched forward, and wears corrective shoes. Her longest sentences consist of two words. She cannot focus on objects close to her.
Those are symptoms of the oxygen deprivation that Jessie experienced during her birth by Caesarean section. Seizures followed, and she was placed in intensive care for two weeks. For the first three months of her life, she was given barbiturates to prevent more seizures.
Her students spent time each day this week going over mealtime etiquette in preparation for the event. On their way to dinner, they all stopped at Bachman's to pick up a gift for the couple they call "grandma and grandpa."
Marcella Nord, who the kids call "grandma," gets a visit from Bethany Ferradas after the child opened a present containing a stuffed animal from Nord. Nord gave each of the children a present and several of the kids gave her presents.
"How do I feel about it?" Welsch said when asked. "I don't feel much at all. It's been so long. But I guess when I think about it, I can feel my life has been a success because I've accomplished something. I helped change a system that needed changing."
Welsch, 72, a retired Coon Rapids real estate agent, said that he's glad he could make a difference. He is still angry, however, maybe even bitter, about the treatment that his daughter, who he said was overdrugged and injured, received 20 years ago in the Cambridge State Hospital.