Historical Analysis of Developmental Disabilities Legislation

1970
P.L. 91-517
1975
P.L. 94-103
1978
P.L. 95-602
1981
P.L. 97-35
Omnibus 
Reconciliation Act
1984
P.L. 98-527
1987
P.L. 100-146
1990
P.L. 101-496
1994
P.L 103-230
1996
P.L. 104-183
2000
P.L. 106-402
LEGISLATION: P.L. 103-230 (1994)
A. DEFINITION OF DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITY: In 1993, there are more than 3 million people with developmental disabilities. No change was made to the definition of developmental disability.
B. PROGRAM: The purpose of Councils is systemic change, capacity building, and advocacy to promote a consumer and family centered, comprehensive system and a coordinated array of services, supports, and assistance.
C. PRIME CONCEPTS: • Disability is a natural part of human existence.
• Discrimination against people with developmental disabilities is widespread.
• There is a lack of awareness about developmental disabilities.
• There are many people who are unserved and underserved.
• There is a need for cultural competence.
• Goals for people include choice, living in the community, pursuing productive lives, contributing to community, having interdependent relationships, and achieving inclusion.
• There is a policy of independence, productivity, integration and inclusion; competence of people; decision making; cultural differences; recruitment; community enrichment; and access to opportunities.
D. ALLOTMENT FORMULA: No formula mentioned; $70 million appropriated.
E. USE OF FUNDS: A total of 65 percent must be used for priority services and 35 percent for administration.
F. SERVICES: Employment activities, child development activities, community living activities, and service coordination/ community education activities.
G. ADMINISTRATION: A total of 50 percent of the members are individuals with developmental disabilities or families; 1/3 are individuals with developmental disabilities; 1/3 are parents of children or adults with mental impairments; 1/3 are a combination of disabilities; at least one person must represent someone who has been institutionalized.

A conflict of interest policy must be in place. A rotation policy must be in place for the membership.
H.  STATE PLAN: • Councils have a three-year planning cycle.
• A comprehensive review from the 1990 law stays in place.
• Employment is a mandatory priority area.
• An optional state priority exists.
• The Plan includes one year and three year objectives.
• Periodic evaluation of the plan must be established.
• A total of 65 percent of the funds must be for priority areas.
• There must be a public review process of the plan.
• The Plan must be reviewed annually.
I. AFFIRMATIVE ACTION: No change from previous law.
J. EVALUATION:

No change from previous law.

K. BILL OF RIGHTS: No change from previous law.
L. HABILITATION PLANS: No change from previous law.
M. PROTECTION
AND ADVOCACY:
No change from previous law.
N. REVIEW PLANS: No change from previous law.
O. EMPLOYEE 
PROTECTION:
No change from previous law.
P. SPECIAL REPORTS: An annual report must be submitted that lists activities, accomplishments, comparison with goals, accounting of funds, ICF-MR deficiency reports, trends, progress, access for unserved and underserved people, activities for people with disabilities other than developmental disabilities, and a description of the annual report.
Q. PROFESSIONAL ASSESSMENT
AND EVALUATION SYSTEMS:
Deleted.
R. UNIVERSITY
AFFILIATED
PROGRAMS
No change.
S. OTHER:  
T. ASSURANCES:  
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