Historical Analysis of Developmental Disabilities Legislation

1970
P.L. 91-517
1975
P.L. 94-103
1978
P.L. 95-602
1981
P.L. 97-35
Omnibus 
Reconciliation Act
1984
P.L. 98-527
1987
P.L. 100-146
1990
P.L. 101-496
1994
P.L 103-230
1996
P.L. 104-183
2000
P.L. 106-402
LEGISLATION: P.L. 94-103 (1975)
A. DEFINITION OF DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITY: Mental Retardation, Cerebral Palsy, Epilepsy, Autism, Dyslexia, or other similar condition closely related to Mental Retardation, that originates prior to age 18 years, is expected to continue indefinitely and constitutes a substantial handicap.
B. PROGRAM: Same as P.L. 91-517 with additions noted in items I through O.
C. PRIME CONCEPTS: Same as P.L. 91-517
D. ALLOTMENT FORMULA: Same as P.L. 91-517
E. USE OF FUNDS: Same as P.L. 91-517
F. SERVICES: Same as P.L. 91-517
G. ADMINISTRATION: Same as P.L. 91-517
H.  STATE PLAN: Same as P.L. 91-517, plus contains a plan designed to eliminate inappropriate placements in institutions and improve the quality of institutional care. Provide for services such as preschool, coordination, advocacy, and community alternatives.  Provide for maximization of VISTA resources.
I. AFFIRMATIVE ACTION: Affirmative Action for Qualified individuals with handicaps.
J. EVALUATION: Comprehensive evaluation system to be implemented within 2 years that assesses individual developmental progress.
K. BILL OF RIGHTS: Three rights of persons with developmental disabilities:
a. Right to appropriate treatment, services, and habilitation in least restrictive environment that maximizes developmental potential. b. Public funds should not be provided to any program that conflicts with, and does not meet, the minimum standards: nutritious diet, medical and dental services, prohibition of physical restraints, visiting rights for relatives, and compliance with fire and safety. c. Residential programs should meet ICF/MR standards and other programs should also meet appropriate standards.
L. HABILITATION PLANS: Programs that receive funds must have IHPs.
M. PROTECTION
AND ADVOCACY:
By 10/1/77, a state protection and advocacy system was required.
N. REVIEW PLANS: Review and comment on all State Plans that relate to programs for people with developmental disabilities.
O. EMPLOYEE  PROTECTION: Develop an employee protection plan for individuals affected by deinstitutionalization.
P. SPECIAL REPORTS:  
Q. PROFESSIONAL ASSESSMENT
AND EVALUATION SYSTEMS:
 
R. UNIVERSITY
AFFILIATED PROGRAMS
 
S. OTHER:  
T. ASSURANCES:  
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