Historical Analysis of Developmental Disabilities Legislation

LEGISLATION: P.L. 91-517 (1970)
A. DEFINITION OF DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITY: Mental Retardation, Cerebral Palsy, Epilepsy, or neurological condition that originates prior to age 18 year, is expected to continue indefinitely and constitutes a substantial handicap.
B. PROGRAM: 1. Develop and implement a comprehensive plan;
2. Provide services to persons with developmentally disabilities;
3. Construction of facilities;
4. Training of specialized personnel;
5. Development and demonstration of new services;
6. UAFs;
7. Demonstration and training grants.
C. PRIME CONCEPTS: 1. Development of comprehensive services through state agency representation in health, welfare, education, and rehabilitation;
2. Comprehensive planning to provide for more efficient and effective utilization of human and fiscal resources at all levels;
3. Develop new or innovative programs to fill gaps or expand the reach of services to new groups of individuals;
4. Integration of services and resources;
5. Develop strategies for implementation;
6. Maintenance of efforts in state and local funding.
D. ALLOTMENT FORMULA: 1. Population
2. Per Capita Income
3. Need
4. Minimum Allotment $100,000.
E. USE OF FUNDS: 1. Planning—services and construction.
2. Administration.
F. SERVICES:

16 basic services includes:
 • diagnosis
 • evaluation
 • treatment
 • personal care
 • daycare
 • domiciliary care
 • special living arrangements
 • training
 • education
 • sheltered employment
 • recreation
 • counseling
 • protective legal services
 • information and referral
 • follow-along services
 • transportation

G. ADMINISTRATION: The primary mechanisms of administration are the State Council and designated state agency; the Council sets direction, submits State Plan, and meets membership requirements (state agency representatives with 1/3 consumers). The state agency administers and supervises administration of the State Plan.
H.  STATE PLAN: 1. Describe quality, extent and scope of existing services (quality must be described).
2. Describe need and how need will be met.
3. Describe policies and procedures for expenditure of funds.
4. Assurances.
I. AFFIRMATIVE ACTION:  
J. EVALUATION:  
K. BILL OF RIGHTS:  
L. HABILITATION PLANS:  
M. PROTECTION
AND ADVOCACY:
 
N. REVIEW PLANS:  
O. EMPLOYEE  PROTECTION:  
P. SPECIAL REPORTS:  
Q. PROFESSIONAL     ASSESSMENT
AND EVALUATION SYSTEMS:
 
R. UNIVERSITY
AFFILIATED PROGRAMS
 
S. OTHER:  
T. ASSURANCES:  
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