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Providing information, education, and training to build knowledge, develop skills, and change attitudes that will lead to increased independence, productivity, self determination, integration and inclusion (IPSII) for people with developmental disabilities and their families.

Bengt Nirje on Normalization

Kathie Snow

When Dr. Nirje translated the normalization principle into English and published the concept in the 1969 President's Report, it had a tremendous impact on American professionals. Dr. Wolf Wolfensberger at Syracuse University introduced the practice of normalization to the United States in the 1970s. Dr. Bengt Nirje developed the normalization principle in the 1960s. The principle reflects the regular rhythm of the day and the regular routine of life. It's useful with all age groups, and adaptable to social changes and individual development. It means that the choices, wishes, and desires of the individual are considered and respected. Dr. Nirje speaks here about the principle itself and its application to all aspects of life.

Introduction to Bengt Nirje by David Goode
Ethics: The Foundation of the Principles of Normalization
Easy to Read Swedish Legislation
Folk High Schools
Red Cross Camp
Shared Powerlessness
Institutions Over Community
The Principle of Normalization
Seeking and Finding Interaction With the Community
Wolf and Gunnar
Principle of Normalization and Development
Normalization and Home Life
Life Planning
Normalization and Culture
Adult Responsibilities
Self Determination and People First
Normalization and Silent Speech
Personal Assistants
Respite Care
Aspects of Normalization
Normalization and Service Planning
Normalization and the Courts
Normalization and Research
Changing Social Conditions and Institutions
Quality of Life Definition and Integration
Human Rights
Parity vs. Equality
Normalization and Professional Ethics
Disability and Nationalism
Mainstreaming and Dumping
Regular Living
Faux Inclusion

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