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Career Paths & Families

Welcome to the State of Minnesota Career Paths & Families. Every class title in the executive branch is assigned to one of 11 broad Career Paths. Those paths are divided into 37 Career Families or clusters of related areas of work. For example, accounting, auditing and financial jobs are in the same family. 

The families are further sorted into Career Series within each family. The series include groups of class titles that form logical career paths across bargaining units and plans.



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The information below is for reference purposes. It contains the definitions of the related Career Families within each Career Path.

  • Administrative Support and Hospitality

    Food & Personal Service 

    This career family includes work concerned with washing, drying and ironing clothing; preparing, cooking and serving meals and personal grooming. Incumbents sort clothing, wash and dry it, iron and fold clothing; prepare food; estimate requirements and procure food from storage; serve food in dining area, wash and dry dishes; clean dining and cooking areas and dispose of trash; cut, style and wash hair; apply the principles of nutrition to plan and supervise the preparation and serving of meals. This family is divided into these career series: Dietary, Food Service, Personal Service and Service Worker. 

    Office Administration 

    This career family includes work concerned with general office duties. Incumbents perform activities such as operating various office machines; scheduling appointments, giving information to callers; processing mail; composing correspondence; greeting visitors; filing data; issuing licenses or permits to qualified applicants; receiving, storing and issuing material and supplies; compiling stock records; counting, sorting or weighing incoming articles. This family is divided into these career series: Administrative Support, Central Services, Customer Service, Office Legal, Office Services and Office Specialist. 

    Printing & Graphic Arts 

    This career family includes work concerned with the printing, photographing, design and publishing of materials for the public. Incumbents photograph people, events, materials, and products; assemble hand or machine set type, plates and spacing material to make up pages and forms, reproducing type, illustrations, pages and forms. This family is divided into these career series: Graphic Arts, Photography and Printing.

  • Construction, Facilities Maintenance, Manufacturing and Transportation

    Building & Construction Trades 

    This career family includes work concerned with building construction occupations. Incumbents fabricate, install and repair structures made of wood and other materials; install plumbing systems in buildings according to blueprints; wire buildings and adjacent yards to provide electricity for power and lighting. This family includes skilled and unskilled trades work. This family is divided into these career series: Carpentry, Electrical, General Trades, Grounds Maintenance, Painting, Plant Maintenance and Plumbing/Pipe Fitting/Steam Fitting. 

    Electronic Installation Maintenance & Repair 

    This career family includes work concerned with the installation and repair of data communications lines and equipment for computer systems. Incumbents test and repair radio transmitting and receiving equipment according to wiring diagrams, manufacturers specifications and testing equipment; operate system to demonstrate equipment, identify and repair malfunctions. This family is divided into these career series: Audiovisual, Electronics and Radio.

    Facilities Operation & Maintenance 

    This career family includes work concerned with building and grounds services not elsewhere classified. Incumbents maintain grounds of public property performing any combination of following tasks: cutting lawn using power mower, trimming and edging walks, flower beds and walls using weed cutters and edging tools; pruning shrubs and trees; performing grounds maintenance using tractor equipped with attachments; clean buildings, furniture and equipment. This family is divided into these career series: Laborer and Maintenance. 

    Industrial Safety & Regulation 

    This career family includes work concerned with the prevention and investigation of occupationally-related injuries and health problems, building construction-related safety and health problems and general working conditions related to child labor and wage and hour laws. Incumbents inspect places of employment or construction to detect unsafe or unhealthy working conditions; audit and analyze accounts, develop evidence and prepare reports; determine compliance with governmental standards; plan, implement, coordinate and assess accident, fire prevention and occupational safety and health programs; disseminate information regarding toxic substances, hazards, and other safety topics. This family is divided into these career series: Construction Codes and Laws, Labor Laws, Safety, Weights and Measures. 

    Manufacturing & Equipment Operation and Maintenance Careers 

    This career family includes work concerned with manufacturing; operating and maintaining motorized vehicles and manufacturing production equipment. Incumbents inspect and repair mechanical and hydraulic components of production machines; drive automobiles, vans and trucks to transport employees, clients and materials; repair engines, etc.; supervise correctional inmates performing manufacturing work. This family is divided into these career series: Equipment Operation, Manufacturing, Mechanical and Service. 

    Transportation Operations & Regulation Careers 

    This career family includes work concerned with all modes of transportation (aeronautics, highways, motor carrier, ports, public transit, railroads and pipelines,). Incumbents operate a variety of vehicles and heavy equipment in the removal of ice and snow from road surfaces, laying concrete and other hard-surface paving materials in highway and related maintenance and construction; perform work related to the regulation of motor carriers. This family is divided into these career series: Aeronautics, Dispatch, Highway Maintenance, Inspection & Safety, Technical Operations, Traffic Management, Transportation Engineering, Transportation Pilot, Transportation Planning and Transportation Program.

  • Corrections, Public Safety and Legal

    Corrections 

    This career family includes work concerned with the operation of adult and juvenile correctional facilities administration of probation, supervised release and parole services; assistance on a statewide basis in the management of criminal justice programs and facilities. Incumbents guard inmates in correctional facilities to protect the public, other inmates and correctional staff; administer probation services and programs; inspect and regulate jail operations. This family is divided into these career series: Corrections Regulation and Compliance, Offender Programming, Offender Services and Offender Supervision. 

    Law 

    This career family includes work concerned with the practice of one or more phases of law including representing the government and the preparation of legal documents; protecting the public, maintaining law and order, detecting and preventing crime. Incumbents conduct hearings, criminal and civil lawsuits; draw up legal documents; advise clients as to legal rights and practices other phases of law; gather evidence in civil, criminal and other cases to formulate defense or initiate legal action. This family is not divided into career series.

    Protective Service 

    This career family includes work concerned with patrolling assigned area to control traffic, prevent crime or disturbance of peace, providing homeland security and emergency management, and to warn or arrest persons violating laws. Incumbents guard government property against theft, fire, vandalism and illegal entry; control and extinguish fires, protect life and property and maintain equipment; respond to fire alarms and other emergency calls; investigate and gather facts to determine cause of fires and explosions and enforce fire laws. This family is divided into these career series: Drivers Safety, Fire Safety, Investigation, Law Compliance, Law Enforcement, Pilot, and Security.

  • Education and Libraries

    Education & Teaching 

    This career family includes work concerned with research, administration and teaching at the elementary, secondary, college and university levels. Incumbents research subjects, administer educational programs and teach in school settings including technical colleges, community colleges, state universities and other state institutions; direct activities of teachers and other staff providing school instruction, evaluation services, job placement or other special education services to physically, mentally, emotionally or neurologically impaired children; participate in conferences with staff, parents, children, etc.; teach subjects to special education students, inmates and clients; plan curriculum and prepare lessons and other instructional materials. This family is divided into these career series: Academic/Student Services, Child Care, Education Management, Education Program Research/Planning and Teaching. 

    Library & Information Resource 

    This career family includes work concerned with collecting, maintaining and distributing print and non-print information materials such as books, serial publications, documents stored on a variety of media. Incumbents explain and assist clients in their search for information and use of reference sources; recommend acquisition of additional information resources; complete special research projects on a variety of topics providing bibliographic documentation. This family is not divided into career series.

  • Employment

    Diversity & Equal Opportunity 

    This career family includes work concerned with the recruitment and retention of a statewide diverse workforce to ensure the state’s commitment to equal employment opportunities and to research and resolve charges of discrimination according to established legal and administrative guidelines. This family is divided into these career series: EEO Compliance and EEO Investigation. 

    Economic Security 

    This career family includes work that administers employment programs; planning and/or executing policies and procedures to provide statewide employment services under federal and state regulations. Incumbents coordinate local office operations with staff services such as counseling, testing, job analysis, placement, recruitment and staff training; research occupations, analyze data and provide business, industry and government with information necessary for utilization of work force; develop and conduct employment and training programs. This family is divided into these career series: Employment Programs, Veterans Programs and Vocational Rehabilitation. 

    Human Resources 

    This career family includes work that applies policies and procedures relating to human resources: employee recruitment, selection, training, development, retention, promotion, compensation, and labor relations. Incumbents manage compensation programs; plan and coordinate training programs; manage the labor relations program to negotiate, administer collective bargaining agreements and resolve disputes; administer staffing functions; facilitate recruitment, rewards and retention efforts. This family is divided into these career series: HR Development, Human Resources and Labor Relations. 

    Insurance & Benefits 

    This career family includes work concerned with the administration of insurance, unemployment, benefit and retirement programs. Incumbents evaluate services, coverage and options available through insurance or other benefit programs; determine eligibility for programs; notify employees and labor representatives of benefits plan changes to ensure compliance with contractual and legal requirements; advise recipients of program options. This family is divided into these career series: Disability Services, Insurance, Retirement Services, Unemployment Programs, Veterans Services and Workers Compensation.

  • Engineering and Architecture

    Engineering, Architecture, Appraisal 

    This career family includes work concerned with engineering, architecture, the appraisal and purchase/leasing of real property. Incumbents perform civil engineering duties in planning, designing, and overseeing construction and maintenance of structures, roads and bridges; research, plan, design and administer building projects applying knowledge of design, construction procedures, zoning, codes and materials; consult with clients to determine requirements of new structure or renovation, and prepare information regarding design, specifications, materials, equipment, costs and construction time; appraise real property to determine value for purchase, sale, investment, mortgage, or loan purposes; inspect property for construction, condition, and functional design; consider factors when estimating property value; negotiate with property owners and public officials to secure purchase or lease of land and right-of-way. This family is divided into these career series: Architecture, Bridges/Structures, Construction, Engineering, Land Surveying, Landscape Architecture, Photogrammetry and Real Estate

  • Environmental Sciences

    Agriculture 

    This career family includes work concerned with the application of scientific principles to agriculture. It includes the development of improved methods in cultivating, processing, handling and storing of products; land conservation practices; pest control; etc. Incumbents develop practices for soil conservation and sound land use; inspect agricultural commodities, evaluate equipment and facilities to enforce compliance with governmental regulations; conduct research in the nature, cause and control of plant diseases; inspect establishments where agricultural service products are manufactured, sold or used, to ensure conformance to laws. This family is divided into these career series: Agriculture Inspection, Agriculture Investigation and Regulation. 

    Laboratory Sciences 

    This career family includes work concerned with the application of the theoretical and practical aspects of physical and life sciences; analyzing the normal and abnormal chemical processes of living organisms; studying the growth and general characteristics of micro-organisms; researching the composition, structure and properties of physical matter. This family is divided into these career series: Bacteriology, Chemistry, Environmental Analysis, Forensic Science, Genetics, Geology, Lab Assistance, Lab Management, Metrology, Physiology and Radiation. 

    Natural Resource & Environmental 

    This career family includes work concerned with the application of scientific principles to fish and wildlife management, forestry, the environment and pollution control, zoo programs and other related natural sciences. Incumbents manage forest lands and resources; enforce regulations and policies in state parks; conduct studies on hazardous waste management projects; develop rules and regulations; inspect sites and investigate complaints concerning water pollution; study animals; perform zoo wildlife management with specialization in certain species. This family is divided into these career series: Aviation, Ecological Services, Energy, Fire Protection, Fisheries, Forestry, Horticulture, Hydrology, Interpret Naturalist, Mining, Natural Resources, NR Supervision/Management, Parks, Pollution Control, Program Coordination, Trails & Waterways, Water & Soil Conservation, Wildlife and Zoo Programs.

  • Finance, Regulatory and Economic Development

    Search for Finance, Regulatory and Economic Development Jobs 

    Accounting, Auditing, Financial 

    This career family includes work concerned with formulating and applying policies and procedures relating to financial, budgetary and investment data. Incumbents perform or direct financial activities of the organization; apply principles of accounting to analyze financial information to prepare reports and forecast estimates of revenues and expenditures; conduct audits of financial records; examine financial institutions to enforce laws and regulations; interpret economic information concerning price, yield, stability and future trends of securities, investments, etc. This family is divided into these career series: Accounting, Auditing, Finance and Warehouse Examiner. 

    Commerce

    This career family includes work concerned with the licensure and regulation of a variety of commercial activities such as insurance, securities, real estate, franchising and banking. Incumbents investigate and resolve complaints against individual practitioners and the industry; administer policies and procedures for continued formal licensee education. This family is divided into these career series: Actuarial, Commerce Analysis, Commerce Management, Consumer Services and Financial Institution.

    Economic Development 

    This career family includes work concerned with attracting, expanding and retaining commercial business enterprises in the state; facilitating joint ventures and public/private partnerships to enhance business opportunities; collaborating with all levels of government to reduce bureaucracy for relocation of industries to the state. This family is not divided into career series.

    Loans & Grants 

    This career family includes work concerned with the administration of a variety of grants and loans to finance government-sponsored programs such as housing, local government initiatives, and direct services to the public. Incumbents direct and coordinate the evaluation and monitoring of grant-funded programs; analyze information on loan documents to ensure that the loan complies with appropriate guidelines such as financial condition, credit, property valuation. This family is divided into these career series: Grants and Loans. 

    Purchasing & Administrative Service 

    This career family includes work concerned with negotiating and contracting for the purchase of equipment, products and supplies. Incumbents coordinate activities involved with procuring goods and services; examine performance requirements, delivery schedules, and estimates of costs of material equipment and production; prepare bids, process specifications, test and progress reports and other exhibits that may be required. This family is divided into these career series: Contracts, Inventory Control, Procurement, Purchasing Accounting and Sales. 

    Revenue & Gaming Regulation 

    This career family includes work concerned with generating revenue to finance state operations through taxation, fee collection, and promotion of lotteries and charitable gambling. Incumbents conduct audits and examination of taxpayer returns; analyze accounting records; investigate and collect delinquent taxes and secure delinquent tax returns from individuals and business firms; plan and coordinate promotional campaigns for new lottery games; monitor charitable gambling clients and lottery retailers. This family is divided into theses career series: Gaming and Revenue.

  • General Administration including Public Relations and Planning

    Planning, Research & Analysis 

    This career family includes work concerned with reviewing and evaluating organizational structures, policies, and management systems. Incumbents prepare reports and recommend changes in organizations, methods or policies; conduct studies and advise administrators on feasibility, cost-effectiveness, and regulatory conformance; consult with administrators; review and evaluate materials provided with proposals; organize data using statistical methods; evaluate information and develop alternate plans for programs or projects; maintain collection of data for use in planning and administrative activities. This family is divided into these career series: Community Programs, Environmental Research, Management Analysis, Planning, Project Analysis, Public Utilities, Research and Research Science.

    Public Relations & Marketing 

    This career family includes work concerned with the collection and distribution of information and materials to the public. Incumbents develop material and distribute it through personal contact or various communications media in order to promote goodwill, develop credibility, or create a favorable public image. This family is divided into these career series: Communication, Exhibits, Marketing, Marketing Sales and Volunteer Services. 

    Public Administration 

    This career family includes work concerned with the administration of state programs. Incumbents analyze, monitor, evaluate and administer program activities; represent the State in meetings with government officials; advise clients on program aspects; execute contracts; develop program guidelines. This family is divided into these career series: Program Administration, Program Management, Program Supervision and Property Tax.

  • Health Care and Human Services

    Human Services & Development

    This career family includes work concerned with assisting individuals and groups with problems such as social disabilities/disorders, family adjustment, and economic disadvantages. Incumbents plan, organize, and conduct research in social problems and for planning regarding social welfare programs; counsel and aid individuals and families requiring assistance of a social service agency that have issues such as personal and family adjustments, finances, employment, food, clothing, housing and physical and mental impairments. This family is divided into these career series: Braille, DHS Security, Direct Client Care, Program Policy Implementation, Sign Language, Social Work and Training & Habilitation. 

    Medical, Dental & Nursing

    This career family includes work concerned with health treatment for humans and animals in the fields of medicine, dentistry and related treatment areas. Incumbents prevent, diagnose and treat diseases and injuries and research the cause, transmission and control of diseases and other ailments; examine, diagnose and treat ailments or abnormalities of gums, jaws, soft tissue and teeth; compound, dispense and preserve drugs prescribed by physicians and dentists; administer nursing care. This family is divided into these career series: Animal Health, Dental, Epidemiology, Laboratory Technical, Medical Manager, Nursing, Pharmacy, Physician, Radiology, Records and Sports Medicine.

    Psychology & Counseling 

    This career family includes work concerned with assisting individuals and groups with problems such as physical, emotional, behavioral, social disabilities, disorders or disadvantages. Incumbents diagnose or evaluate mental and emotional disorders of individuals, administer treatment; interview patients and study medical and social case histories; counsel individuals and provide group educational and vocational guidance services; collect, organize and analyze information about individuals to appraise their interests, abilities and personality characteristics. This family is divided into these career series: Behavioral Health, Chaplaincy and Chemical Dependency. 

    Public Health 

    This career family includes work concerned with public health needs, the availability of health services, environmental health programs, injuries and health problems. Incumbents plan, organize and direct health programs; conduct surveys and collaborate with other health specialists to determine health needs, develop health goals and determine the availability of professional health services; promote health discussions in schools, industry and community agencies; develop and execute environmental health programs; set health and sanitation standards and enforce regulations concerned with food processing and serving, collection and disposal of solid wastes, sewage treatment, plumbing, etc. this family is divided into these career series: Environmental Health, Facility Evaluation, Health Education, Health Program and Mortuary Science. 

    Rehabilitation Therapies

    This career family includes work concerned with health treatment for related care areas such as therapy and rehabilitation. Incumbents rehabilitate persons with physical or mental disabilities or disorders to restore functions prevent loss of physical capacities and maintain optimum performance; assist patients in social, medical and therapeutic treatment and care. This family is divided into these career series: Audiology, Music Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Physical Therapy, Recreation and Speech.

  • Information Technology

    Information Technology 

    This career family includes work concerned with the application of computers and computer languages and the utilization of the computer in the solution of business, scientific and other technical problems. This career family includes jobs that analyze the processes to design a sequence of steps for processing data by computer that evaluate communications and network hardware and software, reception of information sent electronically; investigate, resolve, and explain computer-related programs to users; provide technical support for computer systems. This career family excludes professional, technical and office jobs that use computers to aid them in performing their work. This family includes these career series: GIS, IT Operations and Systems Management.