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On the Job Training and Apprenticeship Programs

OJTPictureBoth on-the-job (OJT) and apprenticeship training programs are available for Veterans using their federal U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs education benefits, including the Post-9/11 GI Bill. These programs allow Veterans to learn a trade or skill through training on the job participation rather than attending formal classroom instruction. A Veteran generally enters into a training contract for a specific period with an employer or union, and at the end of the training period, the Veteran gains job certification or journeyman status.

Approved employers can use this benefit as a recruiting tool by using wages and stipend to attract Veteran candidates.

Apprenticeship

There is a shortage of skilled workers throughout many of the trades within Minnesota. Good apprenticeship training is a benefit to both employer and the employee. Apprenticeship is a company’s investment in its employees and business future. Employees learn a skilled profession while earning a steadily increasing wage as their knowledge and skill increases. The employer develops a program integrating on-the-job training with related technical instruction.

The Minnesota Department of Labor and Industry oversees the state’s apprenticeship programs. It regulates, supervises and promotes apprenticeship programs that have been approved and meet state standard. For additional information please contact the Minnesota Department of Labor and Industry .

Apprentice Occupations in Minnesota

You might be surprised at the number of occupations that qualify for apprenticeship programs within Minnesota. In general, an occupation may qualify for an apprenticeship program requires at least 2,000 hours of hands-on training to learn essential skills in conjunction with 144 hours of related technical instruction each year. Apprenticeship training is common in the following occupations:

  • Construction
    • Asphalt and paving equipment operator
    • Boilermaker
    • Bricklayer
    • Building maintenance repairer (Step up)
    • Carpenter
    • Cement mason
    • Concrete pump operator
    • Construction driver
    • Drywall finisher
    • Electrical estimator
    • Electrician (construction)
    • Floor coverer
    • Glass worker
    • Glazier
    • Heat and frost insulator
    • Iron worker
    • Laborer
    • Lather
    • Marble finisher
    • Marble setter
    • Millwright
    • Operating engineer (equipment operator)
    • Painter and decorator
    • Pile driver
    • Pipefitter
    • Pipefitter, gas and oil
    • Pipefitter, refrigeration and air conditioning
    • Plaster tender
    • Plasterer
    • Plumber
    • Roofer
    • Sanitary well construction
    • Sheet metal worker
    • Sign hanger
    • Sprinkler fitter
    • Terrazzo worker
    • Tile finisher
    • Tile setter
    • Tuckpointer, cleaner, caulker
    • Universal equipment operator
    • Boiler Operator
    • Building maintenance repairer
    • Electrician, maintenance
    • Lift station operator
    • Locomotive, mechanic
    • Machinist, composing room
    • Machinist, linotype
    • Machinist, maintenance
    • Machinist, printing press
    • Machinist, railroad
    • Maintenance, mechanic
    • Millwright, maintenance
    • Operating engineer (diesel)
    • Operating engineer (steam)
    • Pipefitter, maintenance
    • Plumber, maintenance
    • Predictive maintenance inspector
    • Sheet metal worker, maintenance
    • Sheet metal worker, railroad
    • Slide forming machine technician
    • Stationary engineer
    • Waste water treatment plant operator
    • Water and gas maintenance person
    • Water mechanic
    • Water treatment plant operator
    • Water works operator
    • Welder
  • Graphic production
    • Auto stitching and tipping machine operator
    • Bookbinder
    • Collator operator
    • Color matcher and ink maker
    • Composing room technician
    • Compositor
    • Cutting machine operator
    • Electronic pre-press operator
    • Engraver, hand
    • Envelope machine adjuster
    • Envelope paper cutter
    • Folding machine operator
    • Gathering machine operator
    • Lithographer, class "C"
    • Lithographer, color artist
    • Lithographer, color camera person
    • Lithographer, duplicator operator
    • Lithographer, half-tone and line photographer
    • Lithographer, offset press feeder
    • Lithographer, offset press operator
    • Lithographer, photo contact operator
    • Lithographer, platemaker
    • Lithographer, stripper
    • Lithographer, stripper layout artist
    • Lithographer, web fed
    • Offset camera person, stripper and platemaker
    • Offset press feeder
    • Offset press operator
    • Paper stock cutter
    • Photoengraver
    • Press feeder
    • Press operator, cylinder and platen
    • Press operator, flexographic label
    • Press operator, silkscreen semi-automatic
    • Press operator, steel die
    • Press operator, web fed
    • Printer, class "C"
    • Printer, job shop
    • Sheeting machine operator
  • Power Trade
    • Cable splicer
    • Electric meter person
    • Electric shop mechanic
    • Electrical mechanic
    • Electric meter tester
    • Electrician, powerhouse
    • Electrician, substation
    • Gas fitter
    • Gas meter repairer
    • Gas service person
    • Gas supply mechanic
    • Gas technician
    • Hazardous waster technician
    • Hydro repairer operator
    • Instrument and control specialist
    • Maintenance insulator
    • Mapper
    • Material control specialist
    • Meter mechanic
    • Meter tester
    • Plant administrative specialist
    • Plant attendant
    • Power lineworker
    • Power production repairer
    • Radiation production specialist
    • Refuse derived fuel processor
    • Relay technician
    • Repairer (steam)
    • Rigger
    • Rubber goods tester
    • Splicer mechanic
    • Steam heat utility person
    • Steamfitter-welder
    • Survey specialist
    • System field technician
    • Telecommunications technician
    • Telephone systems wirer
    • Tester, electric repair shop
    • Tree trimmer
    • Trouble technician
    • Utility service person
    • Woodworker
  • Manufacturing
    • Assembler-welder
    • Automatic screw machine operator
    • Beveler
    • Boat builder (wood)
    • Buttermaker
    • Cabinet maker/mill person
    • Cheesemaker'
    • Cloth cutter
    • Coremaker
    • Cupola tender
    • Custom boot maker
    • Die sinker
    • Drafter, architectural
    • Drafter, design
    • Drafter, electrical
    • Drafter, engineering
    • Drafter, mechanical
    • Drafter, ornamental iron
    • Drafter, structural steel
    • Drafter, surveying
    • Drafter, tool design
    • Drafting specialist
    • Electrical cabinet and panel fabricator
    • Electrical motor repairer
    • Fabric cutter
    • Fabrication and layout person
    • Fur cutter
    • Furniture maker
    • Furrier
    • Glassblower
    • Glass machine operator
    • Glass mold maker
    • Glass worker (art)
    • Glass worker (stained)
    • Glass worker (warehouse)
    • Granite cutter
    • Granite polisher
    • Granite sandblaster
    • Heat Treater
    • Hydraulics technician
    • Iron shop person, arch and ornamental
    • Lighting designer
    • Machinist
    • Machinist, tool room
    • Marker burner
    • Marking device mechanic
    • Mechanical assembler
    • Metal display fabricator
    • Metal spinner
    • Metal trades pipefitter
    • Miller
    • Model maker
    • Mold maker
    • Molder
    • Monument maker
    • Neon tube bender
    • Patternmaker
    • Pipe organ builder
    • Pipe and tubing assembler
    • Printed circuit technician
    • Production sheet metal worker
    • Punch press operator
    • Roll turner
    • Steel fabricator-fitter
    • Steel rule die maker
    • Structural assembler
    • Structural layout person
    • Structural steel fabricator
    • Systems control technician
    • Template maker
    • Thermoplastic injection molder/supervisor
    • Thermoplastic mold technician
    • Thermoplastic parts handler
    • Thermoplastic quality inspector
    • Tool and die maker
    • Tool and die repairer
  • Service
    • Aircraft and engine mechanic
    • Airframe and power plant mechanic
    • Amusement device repair mechanic
    • Artificial limb mechanic
    • Automotive body technician
    • Automotive painter
    • Automotive technician
    • Automotive upholsterer
    • Baker
    • Bracemaker
    • Business machine mechanic
    • Camera repairer
    • Car repairer (railroad)
    • Central office equipment person
    • Chef
    • Combination telephone line worker
    • Commercial artist
    • Computer maintenance specialist
    • Computer operator
    • Contact lens technician
    • Cook
    • Custodial technician
    • Customer service representative
    • Dental technician
    • Diesel technician
    • Displayer and lettering
    • Electrician, railroad
    • Electronics and control technician
    • Electronics technician
    • Electroplater and polisher
    • Engineering technician
    • Farm tractor and equipment technician
    • Farrier
    • Field engineering technician
    • Fire fighter
    • Fuel handler
    • Fuel injection servicer
    • Furniture finisher and repairer
    • Furniture upholsterer
    • Garage mechanic
    • Gunsmith
    • Heavy equipment mechanic
    • Highway equipment mechanic
    • Industrial truck mechanic
    • Instrument repairer
    • Internal combustion engine mechanic
    • Jeweler
    • Laboratory technician
    • Landscape technician
    • Locksmith
    • Machinist, aircraft
    • Machinist, automotive
    • Marine mechanic
    • Material handling equipment mechanic
    • Meat cutter
    • Motor boat mechanic
    • Motor engineering refrigeration
    • Compression mechanic
    • Musical instrument repairer
    • Optical trades
    • Photographer (commercial)
    • Photographer (portrait)
    • Radio and television technician
    • Refrigeration service mechanic
    • Sausage maker
    • Scale servicer
    • Sewing machine mechanic
    • Shoe and boot repairer
    • Sign painter
    • Tailor
    • Taxidermist
    • Telephone servicer
    • Tool crib clerk and power tool repairer
    • Trailer technician
    • Truck and tractor technician
    • Watchmaker
    • Welder, job shop
  • Professional
    • Administrative finance specialist
    • Administrative information specialist
    • Child care development specialist
    • Finance technician
    • Information technician
    • Interpreter, community
    • Knowledge-based applications developer
    • Supported employment specialist
    • Translator, community

On the Job Training Programs

The OJT program offers Veterans and currently serving Reservists an alternative way to use federal VA educational benefits, to include Chapter 33 MGIB, while obtaining job skills and related training to be fully qualified for a position of employment. They can receive monthly training benefits from the VA in addition to regular salary when being trained for a new job. The VA pays Veteran GI Bill participants on a scale depending on the amount of time they are enrolled in the program. Visit the VA website for information on how the benefit is paid.

Approval Requirements

Private, local and state government employers are eligible for this program. To be considered all jobs must require six months training and lead to an entry-level position. To qualify, the training positions must meet the following criteria, and trainees must be:

  • Supervised at least 50 percent of the time
  • A full-time paid employee — not on commission
  • Documented and reported
  • Given credit for previous experience job experience in that field
  • Recently hired (within one to two years)

Note: Veterans or reservists may not receive GI Bill OJT benefits at the same time they receive the GI Bill education benefits. In Minnesota, all training programs must be approved by the Minnesota State Approving Agency for veterans benefits.

For additional information on the OJT program, contact the Minnesota State Approving Agency at saa@state.mn.us or call 651-285-8544 .

Minnesota GI Bill

Veterans may be eligible to use the Minnesota GI Bill for Apprenticeship and On-the-Job training programs. See the Minnesota GI Bill page for more information.