Minnesota Department of Human Rights (MDHR) Complaint Handling Process
MDHR determines if complaint is covered by the Minnesota Human Rights Act.
NOTE: Time Limit for Filing. The time limit for filing a charge with our agency is one year* from the date of the incident.
- If complaint is not covered, there is no filing
- If complaint is covered: charge is filed and sent to the respondent.
- MEDIATION (optional): if mediation fails, case goes to investigation. If mediation is successful, case is closed.
MDHR conducts a neutral fact finding investigation
MDHR issues determination on the charge(s): Probable Cause or No Probable Cause (appeal is optional**)
- No Probable Cause: case closed
- Probable Cause: case goes to conciliation
MDHR attempts to get parties to settle dispute.
- Conciliation fails:
- Case closed. Charging party may pursue private legal action; or
- Attorney General's Office argues case in court
NOTE: Charging party may decide to pursue their charge in district court at any time during this process by withdrawing their charge(s); MDHR will close the case at this time.
NOTE: Representation is not required, however, either party may choose to have their attorney present at any proceedings before the department.
* Time limit: Tolling for the one year time limit is suspended during alternative dispute resolution.
** Appeals: Either party may appeal determination, if appeal is successful the case returns to investigation, otherwise the case determination is unchanged.