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Non-Medical Tests

Administering Non-Medical Tests

Essential Elements

Employers may administer non-medical, pre-employment tests to job applicants, without first making a conditional offer of employment, provided all the following elements are met:

  • The tests are required of all applicants for the same position;
  • The tests measure only essential, job-related abilities; and
  • The tests accurately measure aptitude or achievement, rather than reflecting an applicant's impaired sensory, manual, or speaking skills  except when those skills are the factors the tests are designed to measure.

Timing an applicant's performance of a job-related task would be a non-medical test, however, measuring an applicant's physiological state — such as blood pressure or heart rate — following a performance test, would likely constitute a medical or physical examination.

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