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Minnesota's Sesquicentennial

150 Years of Human Rights in Minnesota

Key Events from 1857 to 2003

Key Events 1857 - 2003

1857 MINNESOTA CONSTITUTION WRITTEN

1861 - 1865 MINNESOTA IN CIVIL WAR

1862 DAKOTA CONFLICT

1865 13TH AMENDMENT/ SLAVERY/ LINCOLN

1865 JIM CROW LAWS (1865 - 1967)

1866 CIVIL RIGHTS ACT 1866

1867 STATE BOARD OF IMMIGRATION CREATED

1875 CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1875 (ELIMINATED -- CONTENT IS DUPLICATIVE)

1886 MARTHA RIPLEY FOUNDED MATERNITY HOSPITAL

1889 LAWYER FREDRICK MCGHEE ARGUES FIRST CASE IN MINNESOTA

1898 SPANISH AMERICAN WAR

1898 FIRST AFRICAN AMERICAN ELECTED TO THE MINNESOTA LEGISLATURE

1904 ROBERT “BOBBY” MARSHALL: U OF M FIRST BLACK ATHLETE

1905 CIVIL RIGHTS LEADER NELLIE STONE JOHNSON BORN

1914 - 1918 WORLD WAR I (AND ROLE OF MINORITIES IN WAR)

1920 WOMEN VOTE

1920 DULUTH LYNCHINGS

1922 KLAN IN MINNESOTA

1924 INDIAN CITIZENSHIP ACT

1927 BLACK SOCIAL CLUB CREATED

1930 JEWISH COMMUNITY RELATIONS COUNCIL

1937 PIPESTONE NATIONAL MONUMENT ESTABLISHED

1941-1945 AMERICA IN WORLD WAR II - ROLE OF WOMEN AND MINORITIES

1943 GOVERNOR THYE CREATES INTERRACIAL COMMISSION

1948 HUBERT HUMPHREY ENACTS NATION'S FIRST MUNICIPAL FAIR EMPLOYMENT LAW

1948 HUBERT HUMPHREY MAKES PLEA FOR CIVIL RIGHTS AT DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION

1953 NATIVE AMERICAN RELOCATION

1959 RONDO NEIGHBORHOOD REMOVED

1960 PICKETING OF WOOLWORTH'S IN ST. PAUL FOR INTEGRATED LUNCH COUNTERS

1962 BULLDOZING OF MEXICAN COMMUNITY IN MINNESOTA

1963 INDIAN AFFAIRS COUNCIL CREATED

1964 CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964

1967 MARTIN LUTHER KING SPEAKS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA

1967 BROWN BERETS/CHICANO STUDIES CAMPAIGN AT U OF M

1968 AMERICAN INDIAN MOVEMENT FOUNDED

1969 MINNESOTA'S FIRST PUBLIC GAY ORGANIZATION STARTED AT U OF M

1969 BLACK STUDENTS TAKE OVER BUILDING AT U OF M

1975 SE ASIAN IMMIGRANTS BEGIN TO ARRIVE IN U.S.

1977 ROSALIE WAHL: FIRST WOMAN TO SERVE ON STATE SUPREME COURT

1987 PLAYWRIGHT AUGUST WILSON WINS PULITZER PRIZE, TONY AWARD

1990 AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT PASSED

2002 IMMIGRATION TO MINNESOTA REACHES HISTORICAL HIGH