A Walk Through Our History


At the Center of Life: Women on the Iron Range

Industrialization and the Iron Range

Lives Transformed: Education and the Iron Range

The Arsenal of Democracy: Minnesota Iron Ranges in WWII

Annotated Bibliography


 About the Author: Pamela A. Brunfelt 

Pam Brunfelt of Mining Our History is a historian who teaches at Vermilion Community College in Ely. She previously worked as the archivist/historian at the Otter Tail Historical Society in Fergus Falls and as the Executive Director of the Crow Wing County Historical Society in Brainerd. Her research focus has been Minnesota’s Iron Ranges with special emphases on the Cuyuna Iron Range and on political history. Other research emphases are the Great Depression and the impact of the New Deal in Minnesota, and the importance of the Iron Range on the industrialization of the United States. She is currently engaged in major research on the impact of iron and steel in WWII and has created a presentation, "Iron and Steel in World War II: The Arsenal of Democracy" to introduce the story to audiences.

Among her publications is " Minnesota's Communist Mayor: Karl Emil Nygard", Minnesota History, Fall 2002 and "Political Culture in Microcosm: Minnesota's Iron Range" in Perspectives on Minnesota Government and Politics, 6th edition, 2007. She has written book reviews for Minnesota History magazine and the Finnish American Reporter.
 
She was also the co-lead humanities scholar for Building America: Minnesota’s Iron Range, U.S. Industrialization, and the Creation of a World Power. The seminar was a National Endowment for the Humanities Landmarks of American History project for K-12 teachers from throughout the United States. The program was held on the Iron Range in 2008 and in 2010. The result of the Landmarks seminar was a documentary, Iron Range: Minnesota Building America, which won 2009 regional Emmy for “Best Cultural Documentary.” Brunfelt was one of the scholars who appeared in the film. It was produced by Lisa Blackstone in conjunction with TPT (Twin Cities Public Television), the Minnesota Humanities Center, and the Iron Range Resources and Rehabilitation Board.

Pam Brunfelt