Minnesota Workforce Facts

The most essential data for a quick understanding of the state's workforce in table and graph format. 

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  • Population Estimates, Minnesota
    Chart: Population estimates

    Year

    Population

    2000

    4,933,739

    2001

    4,982,180

    2002

    5,017,355

    2003

    5,050,393

    2004

    5,080,031

    2005

    5,106,992

    2006

    5,147,857

    2007

    5,191,267

    2008

    5,230,247

    2009

    5,262,824

    2010

    5,290,447

    2011

    5,344,861


  • Number of Employed and Unemployed

    Minnesota and United States, 1999-2011

    MINNESOTA

    Labor Force

    Employed

    Unemployed

    1999

    2,742,201

    2,665,747

    76,454

    2000

    2,791,510

    2,704,993

    86,518

    2001

    2,841,021

    2,731,328

    109,692

    2002

    2,861,744

    2,731,101

    87,176

    2003

    2,880,829

    2,740,196

    140,634

    2004

    2,882,289

    2,748,666

    133,624

    2005

    2,878,560

    2,758,379

    120,181

    2006

    2,892,733

    2,774,030

    118,703

    2007

    2,910,487

    2,776,129

    134,358

    2008

    2,936,747

    2,777,598

    159,150

    2009

    2,951,347

    2,713,211

    238,136

    2010

    2,963,152

    2,746,544

    216,608

    2011

    2,971,655

    2,775,277

    196,377

    UNITED
    STATES

    Labor Force
    (in thousands)

    Employed
    (in thousands)

    Unemployed
    (in thousands)

    1999

    139,380

    133,498

    5,882

    2000

    142,588

    136,899

    5,689

    2001

    143,783

    136,941

    6,842

    2002

    143,783

    136,488

    8,387

    2003

    146,516

    137,739

    8,777

    2004

    147,304

    139,246

    8,142

    2005

    149,296

    141,719

    7,577

    2006

    151,407

    144,671

    6,996

    2007

    153,127

    146,053

    7,070

    2008

    154,346

    145,468

    8,878

    2009

    154,226

    139,969

    14,257

    2010

    153,906

    139,052

    14,854

    2011

    153,603

    139,850

    13,753

    Source: Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS), Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor

  • Average Unemployment Rates
    Chart: Annual average unemployment rates

    Minnesota and United States, 1999-2011

    Minnesota

    United States

    1999

    2.8%

    4.2%

    2000

    3.1%

    4.0%

    2001

    3.9%

    4.8%

    2002

    4.6%

    5.8%

    2003

    4.9%

    6.0%

    2004

    4.6%

    5.5%

    2005

    4.2%

    5.1%

    2006

    4.1%

    4.6%

    2007

    4.6%

    4.6%

    2008

    5.4%

    5.8%

    2009

    8.1%

    9.2%

    2010

    7.3%

    9.7%

    2011

    6.4%

    8.9%


    Source: Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS),
    Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development,
    Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor.

  • Labor Force Participation Rates, Minnesota

    Minnesota, 2000-2011

    Total

    Male

    Female

    Youth
    (Age 16-19)

    2000

    75.1%

    80.1%

    70.3%

    69.8%

    2001

    76.1%

    81.4%

    70.9%

    64.4%

    2002

    75.7%

    80.3%

    71.2%

    63.7%

    2003

    75.0%

    80.4%

    69.9%

    59.8%

    2004

    74.6%

    80.3%

    69.0%

    59.7%

    2005

    73.5%

    78.7%

    68.5%

    61.2%

    2006

    72.9%

    77.5%

    68.3%

    59.3%

    2007

    72.0%

    76.5%

    67.6%

    58.0%

    2008

    71.5%

    76.0%

    67.1%

    54.2%

    2009

    71.9%

    76.4%

    67.4%

    53.6%

    2010

    71.4%

    76.0%

    66.9%

    51.3%

    2011

    71.2%

    75.6%

    66.8%

    51.7%

    Source: Current Population Survey, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor

    Chart: labor force participation, Minnesota

  • Labor Force Participation Rates, United States

    United States, 2001-2011

    Total

    Male

    Female

    Youth
    (Age 16-19)

    2001

    66.8%

    74.4%

    59.8%

    49.6%

    2002

    66.6%

    74.1%

    59.6%

    47.4%

    2003

    66.2%

    73.5%

    59.5%

    44.5%

    2004

    66.0%

    73.3%

    59.2%

    43.9%

    2005

    66.0%

    73.3%

    59.3%

    43.7%

    2006

    66.2%

    73.5%

    59.4%

    43.7%

    2007

    66.0%

    73.2%

    59.3%

    41.3%

    2008

    66.0%

    73.0%

    59.5%

    40.2%

    2009

    65.4%

    72.0%

    59.2%

    37.5%

    2010

    64.7%

    71.2%

    58.6%

    34.9%

    2011

    64.1%

    70.5%

    58.1%

    34.1%

    Source: Current Population Survey, Bureau of Labor Statistics, 
    U.S. Department of Labor

    Chart: labor force participation, US
  • Annual Average Employment by Industry

    Chart: Annual average employment by industry

    Industry

    Employment

    Trade, Transportation, and Utilities

    485,908

    Education and Health Services

    439,450

    Professional and Business Services

    315,114

    Manufacturing

    292,071

    Leisure and Hospitality

    235,789

    Financial Activities

    169,588

    Construction

    87,637

    Other Services

    82,725

    Information;

    54,179

    Natural Resources and Mining

    23,605

    Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW),
    Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development

  • Nonagricultural Employment

    Minnesota and United States, 1998-2011

    Minnesota

    United States

    1998

    2,564,200

    125,930,000

    1999

    2,622,200

    128,993,000

    2000

    2,684,900

    131,785,000

    2001

    2,689,351

    131,826,000

    2002

    2,664,341

    130,341,000

    2003

    2,660,323

    129,999,000

    2004

    2,681,005

    131,435,000

    2005

    2,723,269

    133,703,000

    2006

    2,758,216

    136,086,000

    2007

    2,771,290

    137,598,000

    2008

    2,763,013

    136,790,000

    2009

    2,655,022

    130,807,000

    2010

    2,641,194

    129,874,000

    2011

    2,675,718

    131,358,000


    Chart: Nonagricultural employment

  • Employment Projections by Industry

    Minnesota and United States, 2009-2019*

    Industry

    Percent Change in Employment, 2009-2019*

    Minnesota

    United States

    Educational and Health Services

    19.0%

    18.7%

    Professional and Business Services

    16.5%

    23.6%

    Construction

    15.3%

    18.5%

    Self-employed (non-farm)

    14.2%

    6.8%

    Leisure and Hospitality

    8.9%

    8.5%

    Financial Activities

    7.8%

    5.3%

    Other Services

    6.8%

    12.8%

    Government

    3.9%

    7.8%

    Trade, Transportation and Utilities

    2.4%

    4.9%

    Natural Resources and Mining

    -1.0%

    -5.6%

    Information

    -2.4%

    3.9%

    Manufacturing

    -7.5%

    -9.0%

    *Minnesota projections are for 2009-2019.
    U.S. projections are for 2008-2018.

    Source: Employment Projections, Minnesota Department of Employment 
    and Economic Development,
    Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor

    Chart: employment projections by industry

  • Employment Projections by Occupation

    Minnesota and United States, 2009-2019*

    Occupation

    Percent Change in Employment, 2009-2019*

    Minnesota

    United States

    Service

    15.2%

    13.8%

    Professional and Related

    13.4%

    16.8%

    Construction and Extraction

    12.3%

    13.0%

    Management, Business, and Financial

    7.5%

    10.6%

    Farming, Fishing and Forestry

    5.2%

    -0.9%

    Installation, Maintenance, and Repair

    4.7%

    7.6%

    Office and Administrative Support

    4.5%

    7.6%

    Sales and Related

    4.5%

    6.2%

    Transportation and Material Moving

    2.3%

    4.0%

    Production

    -2.2%

    -23.5%

    *Minnesota projections are for 2009-2019. U.S. projections are for 2008-2018

    Source: Employment Projections, Minnesota Department of Employment
    and Economic Development, Bureau of Labor Statistics,
    U.S. Department of Labor 

    Chart: employment projections by occupation

  • Top 25 Occupations in Demand

    Minnesota, 2011

    Rank

    Occupation

    Median
    Hourly Wage

    1

    Retail Salespersons

    $9.69

    2

    Registered Nurses

    35.50

    3

    Home Health Aides

    11.20

    4

    Retail Salespersons

    25.41

    5

    Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers

    18.82

    6

    Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers, Including Fast Food

    8.67

    7

    Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand

    12.24

    8

    Office Clerks, General

    13.93

    9

    Personal Care Aides

    11.15

    10

    Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants

    12.76

    11

    Stock Clerks and Order Fillers

    10.69

    12

    Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses

    19.05

    13

    Customer Service Representatives

    17.21

    14

    Computer Systems Analysts

    36.60

    15

    Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing

    29.85

    16

    Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners

    11.80

    17

    Computer Software Engineers, Applications

    43.05

    18

    Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners

    10.06

    19

    Accountants and Auditors

    28.71

    20

    Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks

    17.16

    21

    Industrial Engineers

    37.24

    22

    Management Analysts

    38.89

    23

    Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive

    18.30

    24

    Marketing Managers

    56.12

    25

    Social and Human Service Assistants

    13.73

    *Occupations in Demand is a current demand indictor based on the number of job vacancies compared to the number of Unemployment Insurance claimants.

    Source: Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor

  • Initial Claims for Unemployment Insurance

    Minnesota and United States, 2000-2011

    Minnesota

    United States

    2000

    203,480

    15,646,774

    2001

    302,676

    21,012,173

    2002

    316,572

    21,163,464

    2003

    323,050

    20,973,682

    2004

    284,948

    17,956,673

    2005

    283,975

    17,057,501

    2006

    281,171

    16,354,134

    2007

    274,311

    16,933,706

    2008

    317,312

    22,137,026

    2009

    460,333

    29,451,483

    2010

    365,626

    23,624,531

    2011

    338,593

    21,126,427

    Source: Minnesota Unemployment Benefits Program,
    Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development,
    Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor.

    Chart: MN initial claims for unemployment insurance

  • Average Weekly Claims for Unemployment Insurance

    Minnesota and United States, 2000-2011

    Minnesota

    United States

    Annual Change

    Minnesota

    United States

    2000

    61,646

    3,585,437

    58.6%

    33.9%

    2001

    60,655

    3,532,703

    -1.6%

    -1.5%

    2002

    49,793

    2,949,670

    -17.9%

    -16.5%

    2003

    46,797

    2,661,797

    -6.0%

    -9.8%

    2004

    49,793

    2,949,670

    6.4%

    10.8%

    2005

    46,797

    2,661,797

    -6.0%

    -9.8%

    2006

    46,126

    2,438,100

    -1.4%

    -8.4%

    2007

    51,899

    2,581,519

    12.5%

    5.9%

    2008

    60,300

    3,314,648

    16.2%

    28.4%

    2009

    107,142

    5,730,000

    77.7%

    72.9%

    2010

    81,968

    4,484,234

    -23.5%

    -21.7%

    2011

    66,322

    3,680,620

    -19.1%

    -17.9%

    *Calculates the number of people claiming unemployment insurance (UI) during an average week. Measures duration of UI and relative importance of unemployment for MN vs. U.S.


    Source: Employment and Training Administration, U.S. Department of Labor.
    Calculations performed by Minnesota Department of Employment
    and Economic Development.

    Chart: Annual change in average weekly claims for unemployment insurance 

  • Maximum Weekly Benefit Amount for UI

    Minnesota, 2001-2011

    Year

    Maximum Weekly
    Benefit Amount*

    2001

    $452.00

    2002

    $467.00

    2003

    $478.00

    2004

    $493.00

    2005

    $515.00

    2006

    $521.00

    2007

    $538.00

    2008

    $566.00

    2009

    $585.00

    2010

    $578.00

    2011

    $597.00


    *Effective Aug.1st for every year through 2007; as of 2008, last Sunday in Oct. used as reference point.

    Source: Source: Minnesota Unemployment Benefits Program, Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development

    Chart: Minnesota Maximum Weekly Benefit Amount

  • Per Capita Personal Income

    Per Capita Personal Income
    (not adjusted for inflation)
    Minnesota and United States, 2000-2010

    Minnesota

    United States

    2000

    $32,598

    $30,318

    2001

    $33,345

    $31,149

    2002

    $34,076

    $31,470

    2003

    $35,289

    $32,284

    2004

    $37,079

    $33,899

    2005

    $37,991

    $35,447

    2006

    $40,015

    $37,728

    2007

    $41,764

    $39,430

    2008

    $43,037

    $40,208

    2009

    $41,223

    $38,846

    2010

    $42,847

    $39,945


    Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce.

    Chart: Per capita personal income

  • Current Poverty Guidelines and LLSIL

    Family
    Size

    Poverty Guidelines
    for all States*
    Effective
    January 1, 2012

    70% of LLSIL for Midwest, 2011

    Metro
    Counties**

    Non-Metro
    Counties

    1

    $11,170

    $8,764

    $8,471

    2

    $15,130

    $14,366

    $13,875

    3

    $19,090

    $19,718

    $19,048

    4

    $23,050

    $24,343

    $23,511

    5

    $27,010

    $28,725

    $27,751

    6

    $30,970

    $33,600

    $32,453

    7

    $34,930

    $38,475

    $37,155

    8

    $38,890

    $43,350

    $41,857

    *Except Alaska and Hawaii
    ** Metro counties in Minnesota include Anoka, Benton, Carver, Chisago, Clay, Dakota, Hennepin, Houston, Isanti, Olmsted, Polk, Ramsey, Scott, Sherburne, St. Louis, Stearns, Washington and Wright.

    Source: Federal Register, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, U.S. Department of Labor

    Total hourly wage needed at 40 hours per week,
    52 weeks per year to meet:

    Family
    Size

    Poverty
    Guidelines

    70% of LLSIL for Midwest

    Metro
    Counties**

    Non-metro
    Counties

    1

    $5.37

    $4.21

    $4.07

    2

    $7.27

    $6.91

    $6.67

    3

    $9.18

    $9.48

    $9.16

    4

    $11.08

    $11.70

    $11.30

    5

    $12.99

    $13.81

    $13.34

    6

    $14.89

    $16.15

    $15.60

    7

    $16.79

    $18.50

    $17.86

    8

    $18.70

    $20.84

    $20.12

  • Percent of Population Living in Poverty

    Minnesota and United States, 2001-2010

    Minnesota

    United States

    2001

    7.4%

    11.7%

    2002

    6.5%

    12.1%

    2003

    7.4%

    12.5%

    2004

    7.0%

    12.7%

    2005

    8.1%

    12.6%

    2006

    8.2%

    12.3%

    2007

    9.3%

    12.5%

    2008

    9.9%

    13.2%

    2009

    11.1%

    14.3%

    2010

    10.5%

    15.1%


    Source: U.S. Census Bureau

    Chart: Percent of population living in poverty

  • Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers

    United States, 2001-2011

    U.S. CPI-U
    1982-1984=100

    Year to Year
    Percent Change

    2001

    177.1

    2.8%

    2002

    179.9

    1.6%

    2003

    184.0

    2.3%

    2004

    188.9

    2.7%

    2005

    195.3

    3.4%

    2006

    201.6

    3.2%

    2007

    207.3

    2.8%

    2008

    215.3

    3.8%

    2009

    214.5

    -0.4%

    2010

    218.1

    1.6%

    2011

    224.9

    3.2%



    Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor

    chart: US Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers

  • Useful Websites

    Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development
    www.mn.gov/DEED

    Minnesota Labor Market Information
    www.mn.gov/DEED/Data

    Internet System for Education and Employment Knowledge (ISEEK)
    www.iseek.org

    Find Minnesota Land, sites and buildings
    http://mn.gov/deed/business/locating-minnesota/land-bldg/statewide/index.jsp

    Minnesota Demographics Center
    www.demography.state.mn.us

    Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor
    www.bls.gov

    Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce
    www.bea.gov

    Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis
    www.minneapolisfed.org

    U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce
    www.census.gov

    Statistical Resources on the Web: U of MI Documents Center
    www.lib.umich.edu/govdocs/steclab.html

    Minnesota Unemployment Insurance Program
    www.uimn.org

  • Definitions of Labor Market Terms

    Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS):
    The BLS is part of the U.S. Department of Labor and functions as the principal data-gathering agency of the federal government in the field of labor economics. The BLS collects, processes, analyzes and disseminates data relating to employment, unemployment, the labor force, productivity, prices, family expenditures, wages, industrial relations, and occupational safety and health.

    Civilian Labor Force:
    The sum of all employed and unemployed noninstitutionalized persons 16 years of age or older. Members of the armed forces are excluded.

    Consumer Price Index (CPI):
    The CPI is a measure of the average change in the prices paid by urban consumers for a fixed-market basket of goods and services. There is a separate index for the Minneapolis-St.Paul Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) but not for the state of Minnesota.

    Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW):
    A federal/state cooperative program that collects and compiles employment and wage data for workers covered by state unemployment insurance laws and federal civilian workers covered by Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees.

    Initial Claims:
    Federal term for initial applications for unemployment benefits; used as an economic indicator to measure emerging unemployment.

    Local Area Unemployment Statistics, (LAUS) Program:
    A federal/state cooperative program that produces employment, labor force, unemployment and unemployment rate estimates for states and local areas.

    Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA):
    A term applied by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget to counties that have one or more central cities and meet specified criteria for population density, commuting patterns and social and economic integration.

    Unemployment:
    An estimate of the number of persons who did not have a job but were available for work and actively seeking work during the calendar week that includes the 12th day of the month.

    Unemployment Insurance (UI):
    A federal government program in Minnesota that collects taxes (premiums) from employers in order to pay benefits to persons who are unemployed through no fault of their own. The UI program was implemented during the 1930s to help provide economic stability to individuals and communities during times of economic downturn.

    Current Employment Statistics (CES) Program:
    A federal/state cooperative program that conducts a statistical survey of firms to determine employment level by industry in the nonagricultural sector of the economy. Monthly employment statistics are available by state, MSA, and for the nation.