Diverse Conditions

The range of conditions that can be defined as a disability are as diverse as the population itself, and the way in which each individual experiences a condition further expands the variables.

Disabilities can be visible, but are often hidden. Disabilities can be permanent, or temporary. The variety of human conditions that change the way people interact with their environment vary greatly and range from mild to severe. Regardless of where people land on this continuum, working with vocational rehabilitation services certifies their work readiness.

Physical Health Conditions

  • Orthopedic: Spinal Cord Injury, Spine Bifida, arthritis, clinical obesity.
  • Neuromuscular: Muscular Dystrophy, Multiple Sclerosis, Cerebral Palsy, Fibromyalgia.
  • Cardiovascular: heart disease, stroke, Peripheral Arterial Disease.
  • Pulmonary: Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Sleep Apnea.
  • Chronic Disease: AIDS, Diabetes, Lupus, Parkinson's, some types of cancer.

Mental Health Conditions

  • Anxiety: obsessive compulsive, post traumatic stress, panic, phobias.
  • Mood: depression spectrum, bipolar spectrum, eating disorders.
  • Substance abuse: alcohol, drug, prescription medication.

Learning Disorders

  • Dysgraphia – difficulty with the physical task of handwriting.
  • Dyscalculia – difficulty understanding and using math concepts and symbols.
  • Dyspraxia – language comprehension does not match language production.
  • Dyslexia – inverting letters or words while reading.
  • Attention-Deficit Disorder or Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.

Cognitive Impairments

  • Down syndrome, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder, Asperger's Syndrome.

For in-depth information about the classification of disabilities, visit Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (www.cdc.gov) and search by the name of a condition.


For consultation and support, contact your regional Disability Employment Specialist (800-328-9095).